Waste Transfer Station Safety

People are being Killed & Seriously Injured at Waste Transfer Stations


Waste Transfer Stations need to be flexible for the variety of inputs, most safety measures are lower order controls (See Safety Hierarchy), such as signage and line marking.

The LBin System eliminates or provides engineering controls for the most common WTS Risk.

WTS Safety Challenge

The Waste Industry is one of the top 3 most dangerous industries in many parts of the world and Waste Transfer Stations are one of a few points where the industry interacts directly with the public with devastating consequences.

Waste Transfer Stations are active places full of trucks, cars, trailers, mobile machinery and pedestrians all working & manoeuvring on the same site.

It is however necessary to invite untrained and uninducted members of the public into these workplaces so they can deliver their unwanted material.

The frequency of fatalities and serious injuries demands a different approach to Public Waste Transfer.

Most Waste Transfer Stations rely on low-level ineffective controls such as supervision,  line marking and signage to manage safety. There is a pressing need to eliminate risks and introduce higher-level controls.

The LBin System eliminates, substitutes or provides engineering controls for most risks found in Public Waste Transfer Stations.  

Waste Hierarchy (NSW)

Drivers to increase Reuse, Recovery & Recycling per the Waste Hierarchy, requires recovery to occur before the bulk waste stream.

This has required recovery staff to work, store and transport materials in the public space, increasing the risk profile.

Fatalities & Serious injuries

Waste Transfer Stations suffer the following major issues for staff & Public:

  • Vehicle V Person
  • Machine V Person
  • Truck V Person
  • Fall & Trip Hazards
  • Carsongenic Material exposure e.g. Asbestos
  • Toxic chemical exposure
  • Material handling injuries
  • Cuts and Lacerations

Most industries apply strict controls to eliminate these risks. In Waste Transfer Stations most controls are administrative, using line makings, signage and supervisory controls.

Waste transfer stations are very dangerous places.

Incidents & Reporting:

  • formal reporting focuses on incidents with staff.
  • many injuries and near misses for public incidents are going unreported
  • in 2014 in NSW 2 members of the Public died at waste Transfer Stations after falling into bins.
  • USA:  there were 4 Fatalities in 2020 at waste transfer stations (Source: SWANA)
  • Feb 2022 Fatality USA
  • Fires are a common occurrence.
  • With the public, operators, delivery vehicles, machinery, and lots of manual handling occurring in the same place, accidents and injuries are commonplace.

Fixing the safety issues

LBins™ are only part of the System

BumpBays™ & SheltaBays™ provide the separation functions

critical to preventing the most common causes of fatality and injury at Waste Transfer Stations.

  • Barriers separate the public, from machine areas and each other.

  • Flat floor operations means no falls into pits or bins or tripping over tyre stops.

  • No need to extract Reuse/recovery items in the public area

  • Reuse extraction is done by skilled staff in a sorting area away from the public.

  • Resource collection trucks don’t need to enter the public area.

  • No carrying loads, barriers to lift over or pits to throw into reducing public Back & muscle injuries

  • Liquid contained in LBin no chemicals on the Transfer Station floor

  • Pull out what yo want leave the rest, reduced manual handling in recovery

  • Generous 3.9 or 4.4m wide bays provide working clearance around vehicles & easy reversing

  • Less time on site, less time to get hurt.

LBin™ System Typical Site Set Out

The LBin System can be arranged in infinite combinations,

the following is a typical set out.


Customer Zone


Operator Sorting Bay- Isolated from Machine Area


Machine Only Area


Problem & Hazardous Waste Separated


Chemical & Leach-ate Storage


3.9 or 4.4m Wide Segregated Bays


1.5m High Barriers to prevent Public from going into Machine area.


Mulcher to Process green Waste


Segregated Path and Zone for waste transfer trucks.


Segregated rear access for Machine collection of LBin